Families spent less out of pocket for college in academic year 2015-16 compared to the prior year, as families took advantage of more scholarships and grants to foot the bill, according to “How America Pays for College 2016,” the national study from student loan company Sallie Mae and Ipsosm, a global independent market research company. This year’s report, now in its ninth year, found scholarships and grants covered 34 percent of college costs, the largest percentage of any resource over the last five years. Approximately half of families used a scholarship or grant.
Families used parent income and savings (29 percent), student borrowing (13 percent), student income and savings (12 percent), parent borrowing (7 percent), and contributions from relatives and friends (5 percent) to cover the cost of attendance. Compared to academic year 2014-15, families paid 7 percent or approximately $1,100 less from out of pocket funds, which includes income, savings and borrowed funds.
“Families wrote smaller checks for college this year as they looked less to their wallets and more toward free money to make college happen,” said Raymond Quinlan, chairman and chief executive officer for Sallie Mae. “Scholarships and grants have become an increasingly important part of the pay-for-college mix, and it’s encouraging to see organizations, schools, and the government stepping up to provide them. It’s also gratifying to see families’ consistent belief in the value of college while they also take deliberate steps to make it more affordable.”
While families are willing to stretch financially, they are also taking deliberate steps to make college more affordable. Nearly all families, 98 percent, took at least one cost-saving measure, with most taking five or more. Specifically, 77 percent of students worked during the year, 62 percent cut personal spending, 49 percent lived at home, and 27 percent accelerated coursework to earn their degree faster. In addition, four in five students attended college in their home state, and one in three started at a community college as a first step toward a bachelor’s degree. Eighty-five percent of families completed the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
Bachelor’s degree is the new norm
Families are firmly in agreement on the value of college: 97 percent believe it’s an investment in their student’s future, but this year, “How America Pays for College” dug a bit deeper to explore family expectations by degree. An overwhelming majority of families, 90 percent, expected their college student to earn a bachelor’s degree. What’s more, 54 percent of families expected their student to earn a graduate degree. The study also found 86 percent of families were willing to stretch themselves financially to make college happen, and 83 percent felt confident they made the right decisions when choosing how to pay.
Fewer than half of families borrowed last year. In fact, the proportions of funding from family savings and income and scholarships and grants were twice as high as the proportion of funds borrowed. Student borrowing paid 13 percent of all college costs, down from 16 percent in academic year 2014-15. In addition, families used borrowed money to reach for schools with a higher price tag: On average, those who borrowed spent 55 percent more for college than those who did not.
“The results of this important annual study shed light on critical financial decisions families are making for and with their college-bound students,” said Julia Clark, senior vice president at Ipsos Public Affairs. “The changing roles that college cost, borrowing, and savings play in this process are essential to understand as key factors in the broader higher education landscape.”
Sixty-seven percent of families narrow college choices based on cost but still make a final decision based on other factors. The primary reasons in choosing a college were split between academic program (31 percent) and personal choice (31 percent), which includes campus culture, extracurricular activities and student population.
Cost ranked third, cited by 27 percent. Cost was the chief consideration among those attending two-year public colleges (38 percent), but less of a factor among students at four-year public schools
(23 percent) and four-year private colleges (20 percent).